God came again to speak to Abraham, in the guise of a traveler with companions (who were two angels). They were on their way to Sodom to destroy the city for its wickedness. Abraham boldly bargained with God on behalf of Lot, and because of Abraham’s favor, God relented: if there were just ten righteous people in Sodom, God would not destroy it.
During God’s and the angels’visit, Abraham served them Bedouin hospitality: a goat, water, and other food. Later, God could not find even ten righteous in Sodom, but spared Lot’s family by warning them to leave before he destroyed the city. Lot’s wife was turned to a pillar of salt when she turned to view Sodom as she fled.
A year later, Sarah gave birth to Isaac. Sarah grew increasingly jealous of Hagar and Ishmael, and Abraham relented to allow Sarah to send them out into the wilderness. God saved Hagar and Ishmael and promised Ishmael would also father a great nation through 12 sons, assumed by tradition to be the 12 Arab tribes.
According to Christian and Jewish scripture, God stipulated, though, that the covenant would flow through Isaac’s line. Ishmael was cast as a bully to younger brother Isaac. Hagar and Ishmael made a journey to Mecca where they build a home and Abraham often visited them.
According to Judaism and Christianity, Isaac is the son whom the offering story is about. Abraham was asked in a test of faith by God to take one of his son onto Mount Moriah and sacrifice him as a burnt offering. At the time, children were often sacrificed as burnt offerings to a variety of deities. Abraham submitted, despite the fact that he “loved” his son. He took the son up on the mountain and prepared to sacrifice him.
At the last moment, God told him to stay his hand and a ram appeared in the bushes. Abraham and his son slayed the ram as an offering, instead. God reiterated His promises to Abraham again, at this point, and made the covenant binding. Because Abraham had faith in the One God, God showed Himself different from other gods who desired human sacrifice and started His history with a people: the Jews or the Muslims. Christianity also lays claim to this story as the fore-shadowing of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.