Ways to avoid Enterovirus (EV71) infection

Everyone tries their best ways to stay healthy in order to accomplish daily tasks. However, it becomes very devastating to get caught up by a kind of illness or health condition that may slow you down. Amongst these conditions is the “Enterovirus (EV71) infection”.

Enterovirus (EV71) is a virus which spreads in the gastrointestinal tract. This infection affects all, both young and old. It takes from 3 to 5 days for an individual to get infected. With immediate signs and symptoms showing afterwards. This infection is the gate way to other illnesses that can be mild or life-threatening conditions. In For many years in Asia, there has been several outbreaks.

How Does Enterovirus (EV71) Spread

  • It spreads from persons to persons through the following channels:
  • Contaminated hands or objects with infected faeces. (The virus gets into the body through the mouth).
  • Contact with the saliva, nasal mucus or sputum (phlegm) of an infected person.
  • People with life-threatening conditions can easily be affected by direct contact with fluid from blisters on an infected person.

Signs and symptoms

Enterovirus EV71 infection causes only mild reactions in adults. But in children below 5 years old, there are much severe reactions that develop. Some of these include:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Ulcers or blisters ( around the mouth, hands, feet).
  • Stiff neck
  • Vomiting
  • High or Low blood pressure (Difficulty breathing)
  • Skin rashes
  • Coughing
  • Paralysis

Treatment

There is still no special treatment for Enterovirus EV71 infection. Infected persons with severe symptoms must be sent to the hospital for medical care. 

Prevention

Due to the level at which Enterovirus can be contagious. It is important to practice the following in order to keep you and your family safe.

  • Isolate infected people from being the midst of people or at gatherings
  • Have a general environmental cleaning on a scheduled time of the week, month or year.
  • Clean surfaces with detergents and very warm water
  • Allows have a hand-sanitizer with you.
  • Use tissues or towels when sneezing or coughing