Nose bleeding is very common in kids 3 to 10 years old. It is mostly caused by nose-picking or dry air. Though this condition is normal, it can be quite alarming. However, it can still be handled at home.
Types of Nosebleeds
Anterior nosebleed – It comes from the front of the nose. Where very small blood vessels, inside the nose break and bleed.
Posterior nosebleed – This comes from the deepest part of the nose. In this case, blood flows down the back of the throat whether sitting or standing. Kids rarely have posterior nosebleeds, which happens most in adults suffering from high blood pressure, nose or face accidents.
Causes and Possible Remedies
The main cause of anterior nosebleeds is dry air. Dry weather or heated in-room air irritates our nasal membranes to itch and then bleed when scratched or picked.
Common cold plays a role in nose bleeding by repeated nose blowing. Especially when you have a cold during a dry season.
An Allergy also can cause problems. Your doctor can give medicines like; antihistamines or decongestants to ease itchy, watery and stuffy nose. However, medicines may dry-out nasal membranes, which can cause nosebleeds.
An injury or blow to the nose may cause bleeding, even though its not scary. But if your child has a facial injury that causes a bloody nose and you can’t stop the bleeding after 10 minutes or have other concerns about the injury, seek medical attention.
- Stay very calm and don’t overreact.
- Place your child upright in a chair or on your lap, then tilt his or her head slightly forward.
- Don’t take your child’s head backwards. To prevent blood form flowing down the back of the throat Since this can cause gagging, coughing, or vomiting.
- Carefully press the soft fleshy part of the nose (just below the bony ridge) with a tissue or clean washcloth.
- Keep pressure on the nose for about 10 minutes; to prevent bleeding starting all over.
- Ensure your child has enough rest afterwards .
- Make sure he or she avoids the following; Nose-blowing, Picking, or Rubbing, and etc.
- Experiences chronic nosebleeds
- Accidentally placed something in his or her nose
- Has heavy bleeding from minor wounds or bleeding from another place, such as the gums
- Is currently taking a new medication
- Feels dizziness and inactive
- Bleeds due to a fall or blow around the head
- continues after applying pressure twice for 10 minutes
Tips To Prevent Nosebleeds
- Keep your child’s nails short to prevent nose-picking injuries.
- Keep the inside of your child’s nose moist with saline nasal spray (saltwater) or gel. You can apply some antibiotic ointment around the tip of the nostrils.
- Run a cool-mist humidifier (or vaporizer) in bedrooms if the air in your home is dry. Keep the machine clean to prevent mildew buildup.
- Make sure your kids wear protective athletic equipment during sports or other activities that could cause a nose injury.
Even with proper precautions, kids can still get a bloody nose occasionally. So if your child gets a nosebleed, try not to panic. They’re usually harmless and are almost always easy to stop.